A given bike can absolutely get beaten by a car....it's just rare.
A honda gold wing (!) will run a quarter in 13.5 or so. And while that is freaking glacial
for a motorcycle, in the car world that is pretty decently fast. And yes, there are quick/fast cars out there, but they are much more rare and highly built to reach what is a pedestrian rate of speed for a common bike.
Even crappy little fart can/beehive sounding 650 crotch rockets nowadays run in the 11's, the 650 ninja being a good example. Yes, 650's
. Liter bikes are all in the 9's or 10's
. Those are pretty absurdly quick times by 4 wheel standards...especially when you start looking at the cost.
So yes, bikes can be beaten by cars in quickness/speed. But very, very rarely, and much, much more expensively.