Still trying to figure this one out,,,,,
Just a thought,,,,,
I wonder if the installer did all this 'reducing' just to be able to align the parts without having to bend any pipe?
In the 2nd pic, the pipe enters the muff at an angle,,, Ya suppose it was made 'small' on purpose just to avoid having to properly line everything up??? (1st Pic looks a bit 'off' as well)
Lots of 'slop' with a 2 1/2" pipe stuck in a 3 inch inlet,,, Angle of entry wouldn't be very critical if your installers 'game plan' was to just stuff a pipe in anyway he could and goober weld it in,,,
Are the 2 pieces of pipe the installer used straight w/no bends???
I see a 'flare' on the leading end, but my guess is the pipes and muff this installer put in are mostly out of alignment at the connections,,,, If this is the case, using 3 inch pipe would appear to have been impossible without first bending it to properly align with everything,,,
Don't tell me this is a "jerry-rigged" install passed off with a 'needs backpressure' excuse,,,,
If the installer tried his best and still did crappy work, that's one thing,,,,
Not knowing any better is another,,,,,, But doing jack-leg work and passing it off as 'needs backpressure' would chap my azz!!!!!